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A summary of tenses in the common English test for the upgraded college students in Henan Province

Published on: December 20, 2021 by: new starting point (thick learning) Click:

5. Past tense
Usage:
A) refers to the action or situation that happened at a certain time in the past.
B) used to be habitual. In particular, the sentence pattern expressed by would / used to do means the past tense.
The old man would sit on a bench in the quiet park and look at others for hours without doing anything or talking to any body (the old man used to sit on a bench in a quiet park and look at other people for hours without doing anything or talking to anyone.)
  He used to visit his mother once a week. He used to visit his mother once a week
C) sometimes it can replace the present tense to express a gentle, polite, polite and deliberative tone.
I wanted to ask you if I could borrow your car? May I borrow your car
  Would you mind my sitting here? Do you mind if I sit here
matters needing attention:
A) pay attention to the collocation of adverbials of time. The adverbials of time in the past tense should be words or phrases that indicate a certain time in the past, such as: yesterday, last month, in 1999, two days ago, etc. absolutely can not be used with recently, in the past 10 years, this month, etc. because such adverbials of time are related to the present, they should be used in the present perfect tense or the present tense.
B) the negative and interrogative forms of used to do are special: you can write it correctly. Take the negative form as an example: used not to do, didn't used to do, didn't use to do.
Used to do is often compared with be used to do sth / sth. The former means "used to be or used to be", which requires adding the original form of the verb; The latter means "used to" and requires a noun or gerund.
   6. Had done
Usage: it refers to the action or state that has occurred before a certain time or action in the past. It is what we often say: it means "past action or state".
  Until then, his family _________ from him for six months.
  A) didn't hear C) hasn't heard B) hasn't been hearing D) hadn't heard
By then, his family has not heard from him for six months It can be seen that the action of the predicate verb is not completed until a certain time in the past, so the predicate should use the past perfect tense. The answer is d). In other options: a) didn't hear, because the past tense only means the past events or the existing state, so it can't be used with the time adverbial for six months. B) The present perfect continuous tense means an action that continues to be or is still in progress at a certain time in the past. C) The present perfect tense means the action that has taken place from a certain time in the past to the present. The then in the question only represents a certain time in the past, not the present time.
Note: the logical relationship of "past past" is often reflected by context, and is not necessarily limited by a time adverbial.
There had been some one in our room just now, because I noted a burning cigarette end on the floor when we opened the front door Someone was in our room just now, because when we opened the front door and came in, I noticed a burning cigarette on the floor
Analysis: Although the time adverbial is just now, it seems that the past tense should be used, but the state of "in the room" existed before the past actions of "opening the door" and "paying attention", so the past perfect tense should be used.
   7. Would / should do
Usage: from a certain time in the past to see what will happen.
I said on Thursday I should see my friend the next day I said on Thursday that I would visit my friend the next day
Note: since the past future tense is composed of the past tense and the future tense, the matters needing attention can refer to the relevant notes of the past tense and the future tense.
   8. Was / were doing
Usage:
A) refers to the action that is taking place at a specific time in the past.
Mary was listening to light music 10 minutes ago Mary was listening to light music 10 minutes ago
B) if one of the main and subordinate sentences guided by the adverbial guide words such as when and while is the past tense, the other sentence is often used in the past continuous tense.
I was washing my hair when you knocked at the front door I was washing my hair when you knocked on the front door
Note: for other matters related to the future tense, please refer to the following general future tense.

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